A China is preparing to carry out its first solar exploration in history. Scheduled to happen in the first half of 2022, the mission should complete the shipment of the space-based Advanced Solar Observatory (ASO-S) probe near the Sun, where it will spend at least four years observing the Estrela central to the Solar System.
According to Gan Weiqun, chief scientist of the mission, the expedition will be important to identify the weather forecast from space - almost like "galactic meteorology". The probe will be able to identify solar storms up to 40 hours in advance, allowing for reactive actions and warnings of electromagnetic environmental damage to Earth.
The mission becomes even more important since the 25th cycle of the Sun is expected to peak in 2024 or 2025. This means that solar flares and coronal mass ejections may occur in these years and monitoring of the Sun may be essential for new studies and analysis of preventive measures.
For this, the probe will orbit 720 km above the Land, carrying a magnetic detector, a solar telescope and an x-ray image generator to record solar behaviors, as well as their magnetic fields and stormy activities.
China in the space race
Proposed in 2011 and approved only in 2017, the expedition will mark China's first solar exploration - although 70 such expeditions have been carried out since 1960 by several countries. The prototype tests, which also include heat and environmental experiments, already started last week and are expected to end in late January.
However, far beyond originality, the mission reinforces the intensification of the agenda space Chinese in recent years.
In February this year, the arrival of its probe Tianwen-1 on Mars is expected, which will carry out studies of the morphology and geology of the Red Planet.
In addition, by 2030, China plans to collect Martian rocks, explore Jupiter and its satellites, and land astronauts on the Moon, establishing a permanent space station at the south pole of Earth's natural satellite. Not to mention the creation of the Chinese Space Station, whose first module should be launched in early 2021.
Gradually, China increasingly diversifies its space explorations. And in view of the constant "arm wrestling" with the United States, it will come as no surprise that the space agenda of both countries will intensify further.
Street: Tech Times