This Thursday (4), Kaspersky disclosed that it found vaccines on sale on the dark web against Covid-19. Researchers from the cyber security identified ads for vaccines from the Pfizer / BioNTech, AstraZeneca e Modern, in addition to unverified vaccines. The company also said it found vaccination certificates for sale.
The search was carried out in 15 different markets. The prices per serving in the ads range from $ 250 (about R $ 1.400) to $ 1.200 (about R $ 6.700). But the average price, he says, is US $ 500 (about R $ 2.800). The European vaccination certificate costs from US $ 20 to US $ 25 (about R $ 140), while the Russian costs from US $ 50 to US $ 70 (about R $ 390).
According to the researchers, the sellers are mainly from France, Germany, the United Kingdom and the United States. Communications with buyers, on the other hand, are made through encrypted messaging applications, such as Telegram or Wickr. It is worth mentioning that the first vaccines were approved in the USA in December, while the Brazilian vaccination campaign started in January.
Payment for vaccines on the dark web is regularly made in the form of Bitcoin, but some sellers accept other cryptocurrencies. Kaspersky warns that this can make it difficult to track and identify sellers.
Some vendors, the researchers say, have already carried out 100 to 500 vaccine transactions and can ship packages worldwide.
Uncertainties about vaccines
The researchers warn, however, that purchases in the internet black market they are a risky business. In addition to the uncertainty about whether the dose is real or not, the buyer has no guarantee that he will receive the advertised product. To support sales, comments were also found from alleged buyers praising the delivery and packaging of the vaccines.
It is also necessary to note other important points, such as the fact that the solution sold may be harmless or “even something really dangerous”. In addition, vaccine doses from Pfizer / BioNTech should be kept at -70º. Moderna's vaccine, in turn, needs to be stored at -20º of temperature. With that in mind, it is impossible to ensure that vaccines are transported optimally.
Kaspersky's publication also mentions that “medical institutions, pharmacies and hospitals around the world usually end the day with vaccine leftovers. It is not inconceivable that someone who works in these facilities can pocket the extra doses and connect with intermediaries on the dark web to sell them ”.