Groups of researchers from different institutions around the world are working to develop a vaccine that be efficient against all types of coronavirus. Some of these surveys are very promising and are already moving towards the stages of human testing.
If the immunizer works, it will be effective in preventing from a common cold to an infection with Sars-Cov-2, the virus responsible for Covid-19, including its already known variants. In addition to other diseases caused by parasites of this family, such as the SARS and MERS viruses,
The main research in this area is funded by the British biotechnology company, Conserve Bioscience and uses the mRNA technology, same as the immunizers of Pfizer and Moderna. The eventual vaccine would be administered once every few years to prevent other pandemics of the magnitude caused by Covid-19.
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Other institutions, such as the North Carolina School of Medicine in the United States, are also experimenting to have their own universal vaccines against coronaviruses.
Similarities between coronaviruses
The goal of having a vaccine that is effective against a range of diseases ranging from a simple cold to infection with one of the viruses deadliest of our generation. The key to this may be the similarities between coronaviruses, such as peak proteins, which are what help the microorganism to identify the target cells, which in Sars-Cov-2, is the spike protein.
Although this characteristic is promising, scientists believe that it is necessary to find some aspects that are even more similar in the whole family and, at the same time, are crucial for their survival.
The idea of a single vaccine for all coronaviruses is not exactly new, but the development process has accelerated due to the Covid-19 pandemic.
"It is very easy to imagine highly pathogenic coronavirus strains with a 10 to 15 percent mortality rate that are almost as transmissible as Covid-19," said epidemiologist Ralph Baric. "There is a serious threat out there and we really need to pay attention to it," he added.
With information Futurism
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