In addition to Covid-19, another disease is leaving the India on alert. This is mucormycosis, also known as “black fungus“, A disease that can cause mutilations in the body and even lead to death. But what are the risks of Brazil suffering from this fungus?

O Olhar Digital talked to the infectologist Marcelo Simão, of the Brazilian Society of Infectious Diseases (SBI), who explained how contamination by mucormycosis occurs. According to a specialist, this mushroom it exists, in addition to India, also in Brazil and practically everywhere in the world and many people have already had contact. However, a strong immune system can usually deal with it without symptoms appearing.

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“This fungus exists naturally in nature. The infection is really rare, but it can cause a very serious ringworm, it can affect the nose, the skin, the stomach and organs ”, explained the doctor. According to Simão, Covid-19 makes the scenario favorable for the infection by fungi, as patients being treated usually have a weaker immune system.

India reports more than 11 cases of fungus that can reach the brain
India reports more than 11 cases of fungus that can reach the brain

How does mucormycosis work?

Mucormycosis is a rare infection caused by exposure to mucous mold that is commonly found in decomposing soil, plants, manure, fruits and vegetables. “It also appears a lot in those who are undergoing treatment for leukemia, diabetics, transplant recipients ... In general, in people with weaker immune systems. Drugs to fight Covid-19, hospitalization, all of this favors the appearance of the fungus ”.

Despite this, the specialist stressed that the condition in this severity, with so many contaminations, seems to be exclusive to India, which has always lived with a strong presence of mucormycosis. “It was really a surprise that this fungus is spreading like that in India. But it seems to be something particularly from there, which has always had many cases of mucormycosis. I don't think Brazil is in any kind of risk“, Stressed Simão.

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The treatment of the disease is done using specific drugs to combat the fungus. According to the SBI infectologist, as it is not a virus, there is no need for isolation of the patient, since the fungus is present in nature.

According to New Delhi Television (NDTV), India recorded 11.717 ongoing cases of the infection as of last Tuesday (25). The health ministry has now officially declared the health emergency to be epidemic.

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