Gonzalo Vecina Neto, founder and former president of the National Health Surveillance Agency (Anvisa) criticized the president Jair Bolsonaro on a video posted on your Instagram. In the material, Vecina talks about the situation of vaccines against Covid-19 in Brazil and blames the low rate of immunization in the country to the federal government.

“Today, Americans have half of their population vaccinated. Despite having had a totally denial president, they had access to the vaccine. He didn't believe in the vaccine, but he bought it. We're there at ten percent [total immunized with the second dose]. And in a process of accelerating the disease again. The third wave is starting,” said Vecina. 

Gonzalo Vecina Neto criticizes President Jair Bolsonaro for his denial and for not buying vaccines. Image: Screenshot – Instagram

Circulation of the new Indian variant in Brazil

For the founder of Anvisa, the agency was wrong to authorize the passenger coming from India, who got off in São Paulo, to board for the Rio de Janeiro. “Every day, we are there with one who arrives here, another one over there, who is a likely carrier of the Indian variant. We already have a proven case in São Luís, a probable case in Ceará and now this case that came down in Guarulhos. He had been tested three days ago, which was negative, but he had symptoms. The test was performed again here, only Anvisa released it (and then I think the agency was wrong) and authorized the patient to take another flight, and he embarked for Rio. But, the result finally came and was positive. It is a carrier that came from India, so it is probably the Indian variant, and that is circulating freely in Brazil. He can be a great disseminator”, he reports. 

Vecina explains that Anvisa is an operational body. "Anvisa cannot make decisions without a decided policy, and who decides is the Ministry of Health together with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The agency operates a tool called the health police in ports, airports and borders. But, it just operates. Who orders the tool is a public policy that must be born in Organs appropriate bodies for this”.

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On Anvisa's recommendation, the government restricts the entry of foreigners into Brazil

In the video, posted on Thursday (27), Professor Vecina draws attention to the fact that our borders are still fully open to international travelers. "We are not doing our homework, from the standpoint of social isolation, from the standpoint of controlling ports, airports and borders, as many more civilized countries are doing." 

On Friday (28), the Presidency of the Republic published in the Official Gazette of the Union ordinance No. 654/2021, which deals with the exceptional and temporary restriction of entry into the country of foreigners of any nationality, by sea and land. 

According to the document, signed by the ministers of Health, Justice and Public Security and the Civil House, “considering the epidemiological impact of the new variants of the SARS-CoV-2 (Covid-19) coronavirus identified in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the Republic of South Africa and the Republic of India, can cause in the current scenario experienced in the country", the entry of "foreigners of any nationality, by road, by other land means or by waterway transport" is restricted .

The rules do not apply to Brazilians (born or naturalized). Entries from:

  • immigrants with permanent residence, for a fixed or indefinite period, in Brazilian territory;
  • foreign professionals on mission at the service of an international organization, as long as they are identified;
  • foreign officials accredited to the Brazilian Government; 
  • foreigners who are spouses, partners, children, parents or guardians of Brazilians;
  • foreigners whose entry is specifically authorized by the Brazilian government in the public interest or for humanitarian reasons;
  • foreigners holding a National Migration Registry; and
  • charge transport.

According to Article 6 of the Ordinance, the restrictions "do not prevent foreigners from entering the country by land between the Federative Republic of Brazil and the Republic of Paraguay". 

There is no impediment to the entry of foreigners into the country by air, "provided that the immigration requirements appropriate to their condition are complied with, including that of carrying an entry visa, when this is required by the Brazilian legal system".

There is no impediment to the entry of foreigners by air into Brazil, as long as they present a negative or non-reactive RT-PCR laboratory test.
Image: Milosz Maslanka – Shutterstock

Before boarding, travelers must present to the airline responsible for the flight, among other documents, proof of having performed the RT-PCR laboratory test, to screen for SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus infection, with a negative or non-reactive result, carried out in the seventy-two hours prior to the moment of departure (written in Portuguese, Spanish or English). The test must be carried out in a laboratory recognized by the health authority of the country of shipment. 

According to the publication, travelers who make connections or stopovers that exceed seventy-two hours since the completion of the RT-PCR test must present a document proving the performance of a new test at the check-in for departure to Brazil.

To find out more details about restrictions and/or permissions to enter Brazil, click here and read the entire document.

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