Exynos processors, manufactured by Samsung, will embark on ray tracing graphics technology, courtesy of a South Korean partnership with AMD. THE GPU manufacturer confirmed the information during Computex 2021 in Taipei, Taiwan.
The announcement was made by AMD CEO Lisa Su, who confirmed that the company's RDNA 2 architecture will also be present on several other platforms.
In addition to Samsung's processors, in the near future, the technology can be found in Model X and Model S cars (Tesla), in addition to being already present in two of the most advanced consoles in the video game industry – the PlayStation 5 (Sony) and the Xbox Series X (Microsoft).
Su also pointed out that the chips with RDNA 2 from Tesla's cars will deliver up to 10 teraflops (TFLOPs) of computational capacity, bringing the cars closer to the PlayStation 5, which already reaches 10.28 TFLOPs.
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The part of Samsung, however, is the one that draws the most attention: since 2019, the South Korean and AMD signed a partnership whose main objective was to bring the RDNA 2 platform to mobile devices.
Two years later, the result is closer: with AMD's architecture in smartphones with the Exynos processor, ray tracing makes its debut in the high-performance smartphone market.
Ray tracing, as you've seen here on Olhar Digital, is a visual resource in which a scene is rendered by tracing the path of a ray of light from a source (such as the sun, a lamp, the flash of a grenade, etc.) to the objects around it, considering interactions such as reflections, diffusion and the like. This is repeated for all light rays emitted by all sources in the scene.
As lighting is calculated in real time, graphics become much more realistic. Puddles reflect light from surrounding buildings, shop windows reflect the character in front of them, shadows are dynamic and vary with light sources.
In the case of RDNA 2, AMD made some promising advances, such as more evident gains in processing efficiency, and a new cache management system (Infinity) that allows more bandwidth at a lower energy cost.
In the case of smartphones from Samsung, this part of efficiency is what brings the real challenge: technologically speaking, high-performance components (such as processors and video cards for games) tend to get quite hot. And “temperature” has always been a point of concern for smartphone makers. New products tend to have restrictions on this front.
The news should make the market more fierce, as Exynos processors are still unable to gain ground in the sector dominated by Qualcomm With your Snapdragon – when it comes to mobile games, the US company still has an advantage. But with AMD as a partner, things could change considerably.
There is still no information on when Exynos processors will receive AMD's ray-traced graphics architecture. The manufacturer typically releases at least one new line item per year – to insert it into smartphones like the “Galaxy S” family and other flagships – but rumors from March 2021 indicated the company could launch up to three models later this year.
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