Company Canadian Fusion power plant is about to inaugurate a demonstration plant for Nuclear fusion on a large scale in the city of Culham, UK.

What is striking about this is that the venture is being financed by none other than Jeff Bezos, founder of Amazon, from the space company Blue Origin and currently second richest man in the world.

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General Fusion is one of the startups that aims to make the energy generated from nuclear fusion a reality, besides, of course, making it economically viable.

This process differs from conventional nuclear energy in that instead of splitting atoms, it involves the fusion of hydrogen atoms under high temperatures and pressure inside a reactor.

This process, which is the same as in the heart of a star, releases a large amount of energy. However, to date, this technology is not yet commercially viable. Currently, starting a fusion reaction requires more energy than it is capable of producing.

However, with players like Jeff Bezos entering the field of power generation through nuclear fusion, this sector gains a chance to prosper and make this technology a viable alternative to others renewable sources for energy production.

No energy

General Fusion's fusion plant is not expected to become operational until 2025. Credit: General Fusion/Disclosure

However, the General Fusion test plant built in Culham is still not generating any energy. The facility, which is about 70% the size of a commercial reactor, should only become operational in 2025, according to information from the portal Futurism. In addition, the installation will also serve as a basis for the development of other reactors.

In its latest round of investments, General Fusion raised no less than US$ 100 million (R$ 500 million) from private entities, in addition to receiving funding from the government of the United Kingdom.

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The company's approach to fusion power involves compressing plasma at very high temperatures inside a cylinder lined with a kind of liquid metal wall.

This process is called magnetized target fusion, and it uses this heat to generate steam and also to turn a turbine. Fusion energy has been studied for some decades as a cleaner alternative with a smaller carbon footprint than alternatives such as fossil fuel-based plants or nuclear reactions.

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