Did you notice something different in your health after you had covid? Headaches, joint pain, forgetfulness, hair loss, shivering and shortness of breath have been complaints of patients who have recovered from it. disease.
Although it is still relatively early to know all the sequelae caused by an infection by the Sars-Cov-2 virus, some studies have already managed to map those that have been frequent in consultations.
These manifestations are not restricted to those severe cases of patients who were hospitalized or had known symptoms of the disease and have already recovered. Even among asymptomatic people, the perception of signs of the so-called long covid has been common.
Now, it is important to know that there is still no consensus on the definition of this post-covid syndrome – also called acute postcovid sequelae (or PASC for its acronym in English). After all, research varies according to the time frame they adopt (for example, three or six months) and also in relation to the assessment of whether the symptoms impacted the patient's routine or not.
Who is affected?
About 10% to 30% of people who contract the coronavirus will develop persistent symptoms, estimate experts Vanessa Bryant, Alex Holmes and Louis Irving in an article posted on the website The Conversation.
However, the total number of people who present the post-covid syndrome it may be larger according to a systematic review with 45 studies and more than 9,7 patients - carried out by Nasserie, Hittle and Goodman and published in JAMA Network Open. Of the total, 72,5% of participants reported having at least one of 84 persistent symptoms or clinical signs after 30 days of recovery from a severe case or 60 days after diagnosis in mild or moderate cases.
Already, in a study published in the journal Nature Medicine, Bjørn Blomberg and other authors found that among 16- to 30-year-olds who were not hospitalized, 52% (32 of 61 patients) had some sequel after 6 months.
Although there are disagreements regarding the prevalence of long covid, there are findings that point to the existence of risk groups. Here, the elderly, obese, women and people with asthma are part of it, according to articles published in the magazine Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism e The Lancet Regional Health – Western Pacific and a pre-print article made from a partnership between the University College London and King's College London.
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What are the sequels of covid-19?
We have gathered in a single list which sequels documented in journal articles The Pharmaceutical Journal, Nature Medicine e The Lancet, in addition to the study produced by the non-profit organization FAIR Health.
- Shortness of breath
- In those who became severely ill in the hospital, it was also noted:
- Severely compromised pulmonary diffusion capacity
- Abnormal manifestations in chest image
- Chest tightness;
- Chest pains;
- Orthostatic postural tachycardia syndrome;
- Abdominal pain;
- Reduced appetite (in older people).
- Cognitive impairment (mental confusion);
- Loss of concentration;
- Memory problems;
- Sleep disorders;
- Peripheral neuropathy;
- Delirium (in older people);
- Stroke – Stroke (rare symptom);
- Seizures (rare symptom).
Psychological and psychiatric:
- Posttraumatic stress disorder;
- Inability to work and interact with society;
- Skeletal muscle;
- Pain in muscles and joints;
- Inflammation of nerves.
Ear, nose and throat:
- Sore throat;
- Loss of smell and/or taste.
- High cholesterol;
- General malaise;
- Skin rashes.
Did you have any of these sequels from covid-19?
It is important to remember that if you are feeling unwell, seek help from your doctor or health clinics. Only a professional can diagnose what you have, agreed?
It is also noteworthy that, in general, scientific studies have limitations. This caveat is valid for any study, and not just for those mentioned in this article. It's normal; this is how science advances.
Examples of these difficulties are the number of patients followed, the period in which they were followed and even the difficulty of relating a sequel to covid-19.
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