A researcher created a set of global data relating the generation of jobs and the efforts of 50 countries to adapt to the Paris Agreement. The results showed that what will be needed to meet the goals of limiting the global temperature rise at 2°C by 2050 have the potential to generate around eight million direct and indirect jobs in the energy sector.

Currently, it is estimated that 18 million people work in the energy sector around the world, according to the researcher, this number should not fall in the coming years and, if the Paris Agreement targets are reached, the number of jobs in the sector should reach 26 million in 2050, which should be generated in the manufacture and installation of renewable energy sources.

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unpublished study

Chart shows changes in energy sector jobs by energy technology. Credit: Sandeep Father

The study is the first based on a comprehensive dataset across more than 50 countries, taking into account some of the largest oil-producing economies. fossil fuels. To arrive at this estimate, the researcher combined these data with an integrated assessment model, which helps to compare how human development and society's choices affect each other.

According to the researcher, professor at the European Institute of Economics and Environment Johannes Emmerling, of the total jobs that should be created by 2050, 84% would be in the sector of renewable energy sources, 11% in fossil fuels and 5% in nuclear energy. Today, the fossil fuel sector is the biggest generator of jobs in the energy sector.

Impact on fossil fuels

Oil Extraction Machine in Canada
Currently, most jobs involving fossil fuels are in the area of ​​extraction. Credit: Disclosure/PxFuel

In the current scenario, 80% of jobs that deal with fossil fuels are linked to their extraction. According to Emmerling, these jobs are expected to decline rapidly, but this loss should be offset by an increase in the number of jobs in the solar and wind energy production industries.

“Jobs in the extractive sector are more susceptible to decarbonization, so there need only be transitional policies in place,” said study collaborator and PhD in Resources, Environment and Sustainability, Sandeep Pai. low carbon, it is important to have a plan in place for the overall acceptability of climate policies”.

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Now, Johannes Emmerling's aim is to explore the changes in levels of expertise, education requirements and salaries that can be achieved in attempts to meet the Paris Agreement's global climate goals. In addition, he believes his study could inspire similar ones to be carried out in different parts of the world.

With information TechXplore

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