This Tuesday, the three winners of the 2021 Nobel Prize in Physics were announced: the trio of scientists laid the foundations for understanding complex physical systems, including the climate of the Land.

The value of the prize is 1 million and 150 thousand dollars, equivalent to approximately 6 million and 300 thousand reais.

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According to the judgment of the Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences, Syukuro Manabe, from the North American University of Princeton, and Klaus Hasselmann, former Max Planck Institute of Meteorology in Hamburg, Germany, will share half of the prize for the physical modeling of the Earth's climate, which allowed a reliable way to predict the global warming.

Giorgio Parisi, of the Sapienza University in Rome, received the other half, for his discovery of the interplay of disorder and fluctuations in physical systems from atomic to planetary scales.

The work of the three is interlinked and made it possible to create methods used in models climatic currently.

The award came just before the 26th United Nations Conference on Climate Change, which will be held in Glasgow, Scotland, in November. At the conference, countries are expected to discuss plans for urgent and radical reductions in greenhouse gas emissions over the next decade.

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