Mental health problems are common among people who smoke Cigarettes and those with substance use disorders, making it necessary to treat smoking and mental health problems together, according to a new study from Indiana University.

The research was done in conjunction with other universities and found that mental health problems were twice as common among adults with substance use disorder who smoke compared to those without substance use disorder who didn't smoke.

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"Our study shows that there is a need for consistency in treating mental health problems, smoking, and substance use together," argued Maria Parker, an assistant professor at the IU School of Public Health-Bloomington and lead author of the study.

Published in Drug and Alcohol Dependence, the analyzes used data from the US National Survey on Drug Use and Health. The prevalence of mental health problems – that is, severe psychological distress – was estimated to be 10 years for adults who previously smoked daily, not daily, and never smoked cigarettes due to substance use disorder status.

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Mental health problems continue to grow in the USA and are associated with negative health consequences, including premature mortality and chronic health conditions. "It is critical that we identify groups with a higher prevalence of mental health problems that could be targeted for interventions," said Parker.

A search noted that psychological distress varied significantly according to substance use and smoking disorder status. Thus, it turned out that mental health problems were between three and five times greater for those with substance use disorder compared to those without in all smoking statuses.

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Patterns were found for almost all gender, age, ethnicity, income and marital status groups. Thus, it was found that the prevalence of severe psychological distress was higher for those with substance use and smoking disorders in their daily lives, with a quarter or more of these adults reporting problems.

The study also found that psychological distress increased over time for all smoker status. In addition, Parker said that addressing smoking and substance use disorder for those with mental health problems could be beneficial. For, by evaluating and treating individuals with these issues, providers can screen for psychiatric symptoms and assertively direct resolution.

Source: Medical Xpress

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